Economic Factors That Influence Mortality Rate: An Evidence From Ghana

Michael Kwabena Ofori, Yinfei Chen


The purpose of this paper is to analyze how economic growth influence mortality rate in Ghana from the year 2000 to 2016 based on a dynamic model augmented with life expectancy, employment and economic growth. Results show that life expectancy is the critical most important factor in changing the level of mortality rate negative. Economic growth (GDP) and employment have plausible negative signs to mortality rates. However, they will significantly have influence in the case of discrete growth policy implementation and thus demonstrating the importance of living standards to mortality. Also, Granger causality tests show a significant relationship from employment and economic growth and reflects their importance in changing the observed levels of mortality.

Keywords: Life Expectancy, Mortality rate, Employment, Unemployment, Medicare, Economic Growth, Granger causality.

DOI: 10.7176/JESD/11-4-05

Publication date: February 29th 2020

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