Corruption in Indonesia (Is It Right to Governance, Leadership and It to Be Caused?)

Hendi Prihanto, Itjang D. Gunawan


Purpose - The development of corruption in Indonesia which concerns various efforts and strategies are implemented but has not been able to maximize results. Poor governance, technology that is less able to use wisely and appropriately, and leadership that has not been able to set an example and figure are problems that need to be studied in depth as a cause of corruption that cannot be controlled. Pentagon Fraud is a theoretical approach chosen in solving research problems.

Design / Methodology - quantitative approach with causality relationship with multiple regression analysis techniques used, because the type of research that uses samples obtained with primary data has a frequency that is quite safe and varied, which includes several ministries and institutions which according to media observations commit corruption in 2017-2018 involving state aparters in the institution.

Findings - statistical data processing shows that governance and information technology has a positive effect on corruption, while leadership has a negative effect on corruption. The results showed the need for improvement in the management of government organizations, leadership more committed to duties and obligations, while the ease and use of information technology was carried out for positive purposes.

Research limitations / implications - research is only conducted on some state institutions involved in corruption in the research year by using the perceptions of the state apparatus who have information about corruption, so the results obtained are not able to conclude as a whole. Further in-depth research is needed by involving respondents and broader government organizations and a diversity of variables, to be able to infer aspects of the causes of corruption in general. Besides, the research provides a good enough use-value for the government to make improvements, resolve corruption problems both prevention and eradication precisely and strategically. The theoretical aspects of research contribute to several findings that can develop aspects of the causes of motivation to commit corruption so that it becomes a study that increasingly criticizes the harmony and balance between theory and practice.

Keywords: corruption, governance, leadership, information technology, and government

DOI: 10.7176/JESD/11-2-06

Publication date: January 31st 2020

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