Exploitation of Mineral Resources and Human Capital in CEMAC



The aims of this study is to verify the effect of the exploitation of mineral resources on human capital in CEMAC countries. Our analysis made use of panel data sets of all these members countries, over the period of 2002 to 2016, which is a period where the prices of natural resources weakness frequent fluctuation in the   world market. The econometric model formulated in relation to mineral rent in CEMAC countries has three indicators of human capital, measured by the rate of school enrolment, infant mortality rate and life expectancy. Three regression techniques have been used for this purpose: the ordinary least squared (OLS); two stages least squared (2SLS) and Limited Information Maximum Likelihood (LIML). The results of our analysis shows that rent from mineral resources has a negative effect on schooling rate and life expectancy rate in CEMAC. Similarly, our result demonstrates that, mineral rent increases infant mortality rate in CEMAC members countries.

Keywords: Mineral rent, human capital and panel data

DOI: 10.7176/JESD/10-24-05

Publication date: December 31st 2019

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ISSN (Paper)2222-1700 ISSN (Online)2222-2855

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