Impacts of Sustainable Intensification of Vegetable Production on Farmers’ Livelihoods in Kenya

Barnabas K. Kurgat, Evans Ngenoh, Hillary K. Bett, Silke Stöbe, Samuel Mwonga, Hermann Lotze-Campen, Todd S. Rosenstock


Sustainable intensification (SI) approach aims to increase agricultural productivity and farmers’ livelihoods. However, there is limited empirical evidence of impact adopting SI practices (SIPs) on famers’ livelihoods in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). There is need therefore to assess whether adoption of SIPs in actual sense improves farmers’ livelihoods and if so, by what magnitude. This study evaluated the impact of adoption of SIPs on household income based on 685 household-level data from rural and pre-urban vegetable production in Kenya using a treatment effect model. Results show that the correlation coefficients were statistically significant, hence the adoption of SIPs was influenced by both observed and unobserved factors. Further, the findings revealed that adoption of SIP increased crop income by 53.3%, while total household income increased by 12.9%. These findings highlight the need for continued public and private investments on programs and policies supporting adoption of SIPs in smallholder vegetable production as one potential option for a sustainable improvement of vegetable production and smallholder farmers’ livelihoods in SSA.

Keywords: Livelihoods, smallholder farmers, sustainable intensification, vegetable production, Kenya


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