Interdependence of Farmers and Increasing Cocoa Productivity in Central Sulawesi Province, Indonesia

Andri Amaliel Managanta, Sumardjo ., Dwi Sadono, Prabowo Tjitropranoto


Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Indonesia Ministry (KEMENTRISTEKDIKTI)


Cocoa is a pre-eminent commodity in Central Sulawesi Province. Cocoa farming has not increased its productivity due to pest infestation, low maintenance of crops and low access of farmers to capital. This has an impact on the low productivity and income of farmers. This study aims to analyze the effect of interdependence level of farmers on the productivity of cocoa farming in Central Sulawesi Province. The study was conducted in four districts in Central Sulawesi Province, namely Poso, Sigi, North Morowali and Donggala districts. Cluster random sampling technique was used drawing 380 sample respondents, in relatively advanced and less developed village clusters. The results showed that low in the filter system, competitiveness, and partnership sub-system of farmer interdependence. Low productivity of farmers (0,8 tons/hectare)  while the potential productivity was (2 tons/hectare). Them low productivity of farmers was due to the low level of their interdependence. Farmer income per month Rp.1,325,030.00 is also below the minimum wage rate of laborers of Central Sulawesi Province Rp.1,807,775.00.

Keywords: cocoa, farmer, interdependence, productivity

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ISSN (Paper)2222-1700 ISSN (Online)2222-2855

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