The Long-run and Causal Relationship among Financial Development, Openness and Economic Growth in Bangladesh: An ARDL Bound Testing and Granger Causality Approach

Md. Shahidul Islam, Md. Elias Hossain


This study examines the long run and causal relationship between economic growth, financial development and openness in Bangladesh by using autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) bound testing approach of cointegration and error-correction based Granger causality model. For this purpose, time series data for the relevant variables covering the period 1974 to 2009 are used in the estimation.  The bounds F-test for cointegration test yields evidence of a long-run relationship between economic growth, financial development and openness in Bangladesh. The results show that the long-run estimates of gross domestic product with respect to financial development and trade openness are positive at 1% level of significant. So, an increase in domestic credit to private sector, and foreign trade to GDP ratio, results in an increase in gross domestic product in the long-run. The cumulative sum and cumulative sum of squares tests show that the estimated parameters are stable for the sample period. A causal relationship is found from openness (foreign trade) to financial development and financial development (domestic credit to private sector) to gross domestic product.

Keywords: Economic growth, financial development, trade openness, Bangladesh.

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