Analysis of Factors Affecting Household Graduation from Ethiopian Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP): The Case of Babile District, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Desalegn Yadeta Wedajo, Yu Lerong


Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) is planned as one of a social protection program for poor and food insecure rural households since 2005 in Ethiopia. From that point forward there is a low level of recipient family's graduation from PSNP in the review region. This is, accordingly, the fundamental goal of this study was to distinguish factors influencing household’s graduation from PSNP in Babile district, as contextual investigation site. The total of 120 sample households was selected through simple random sampling techniques. structured questionnaire, focused group discussion and key informant interview guide-line questions were utilized to gather both quantitative and subjective information. Also, the review utilized binary logistic regression model to identify factors influencing family unit graduation from PSNP. The finding of the study revealed the recipients of the safety net program didn't trust the graduated households are food secured rather the respondents contend there is no critical contrast among the present and graduated recipients of PSNP. In addition, this review indicates PSNP has extensive parts on smoothing recipient household’s food consumption pattern. But PSNP has disproportionate effects on poverty reduction and in building-up the ability of the poor households fundamentally because of poor administration, size of bundle, and method of conveyance, political preference, and targeting mechanisms. The binary logistic regression results showed that eight variables were found to be statistically significant out of twelve variables. Sex, access to irrigation, non-farm participation, targeting mechanism, access to credit, and agricultural farm inputs had a positive and huge effect on graduation and drove program members to have greater likelihood of graduation, while family size and drought adversely impact graduation. Subsequently, this paper prescribes that for PSNP to be successful in helping the poor the government ought to bolster recipients beyond PSNP. Furthermore, the program ought to be re-built in a way that helps recipients in long-term household asset creation and welfare of the general population through expanding their source of family income and providing integrated agricultural packages to the member of PSNP beneficiary families.

Keywords: PSNP, graduation, beneficiary household, Babile, Oromia, Ethiopia


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