Public Finance and the Responsible Factors Coupled With Public Expenditure: Ghana as the Focus

Aphu Elvis Selase, Adator Stephanie Worlanyo, Sophia Abra ENYONAM Ekor, Joyce Lardi Namong


The phrase public expenditure deals with the subject of government activities and their financing. For instance, capital and recurrent expenditures.  "The expenditure incurred by public authorities like central, state and local governments to satisfy the collective social wants of the people is what the phrase public expenditure connotes." Public spending is planned to benefit categories of individuals and enterprises irrespective of location, or where locations are prioritized using national criteria. Throughout the 19th Century, most governments followed laissez faire economic policies and their functions were only restricted to defending aggression and maintaining law and order. The size of public expenditure was very scanty. But now the expenditure of governments all over has significantly increased. In developing countries like Ghana, public expenditure policy not only accelerates economic growth and promotes employment opportunities but also plays a useful role in reducing poverty and inequalities in income distribution. Besides, in the developing parts of the world, there are poor budgeting systems and lack of transparency and accountability always climb the platform of the frowning moments hence underdevelopment.

Keywords: Public Finance, Responsible Factors, Public Expenditure, Ghana, Focus.

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