The Differences of Family Characteristics, Behaviour of Business and Consumption of Farmers Society of Papua Ethnic and Migrant in Muara Tami District Jayapura City

Thobby Wakarmamu, Arung Lamba


This study aims to discover new knowledge about 1) comparison of the number of farming families Ethnic Papuans and migrants, 2) differences in family characteristics, 3) differences in behavior to try and differences in consumption behavior farming communities of ethnic Papuans and non-Papuan (migrants) in Muara Tami District Jayapura City , The study population was all the farmers in Muara Tami district of Jayapura, samples are 100 respondents, taken using two stage random purposive sampling. In the first stage done taking. The analysis used to reach the goal is descriptive analysis, paired sample t test, Engel curve analysis with ethnic and cultural variables dummi SEM analysis and SWOT. The results showed that: (1) of 1,518 farmers in Muara Tami district there are only 679 people (19.30%) of farmers and indigenous Papuans there are 2839 people (80.70%) Migrant farmers, (2) For the characteristics of the family, a) there are differences in the average age of farmers is 65 years for Papua and 67 for Migrant farmers, b) there are differences in education level index is for farmers while Papua 5.28 to 6.70 Migrant farmers. (3) perbedan business behavior. a) there is no difference in ownership of agricultural land equally of 1.5 hectares, b) there is a difference, namely capital accumulation. for farmers Papua only 7.5% while 75.0% of the migrant farmers income levels, c) there are differences in the level of productivity of land, namely for Papua farmers only 30%, while 80% of farmers migraines, d) there are different levels of outcomes on land claim, namely for farmers Papua only 35% while 80% of migrant farmers. (4) The Differences in consumption behavior. a) there is a difference in the fulfillment of food consumption, ie to farmers Papua at 575, while 337 migrant farmers, b) there are differences in the fulfillment of non-food consumption, ie to farmers Papua at 492 and at 533 for migrant farmers. The Migrant farmers increase farm household income, either farmers from indigenous groups and migrant farmers, the consumption expenditure for this type of commodity is not generally increasing.

Keywords: Family Characteristics, Behaviour of Business, Consumption, Farmers Society, Papua Ethnic and Migrant

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