Effect of Gender Inequality on Economic Growth (Case of Pakistan)

Mowadat Ali


This paper has been discussed the differences in education and labor force participation rate between male and female in Pakistan. The importance of education and employment opportunities for women in Pakistan is briefly explained. Four independent variables are used, i.e. LFPM (labor force participation rate of male age 15+), LFPF (labor force participation rate of female age 15+), GPI (gender parity index) and OP (openness of trade, exports and imports). The dependent variable is GDP growth and for the Relationship between Gender Inequality and Economic Growth time series secondary data from period 1980-2009 is used. The affect of gender inequality in education and employment on economic growth is found through multiple linear regression. All the results and estimations are analyzed in chapter four, which shows a positive relationship between economic growth and gender equality in education and employment. All the independent variables has a positive impact on GDP growth which means that if the gender inequality is reduced than there will be increase in GDP growth of Pakistan in long run.

Keywords: Gender Inequality, Labor Force Participation, Education, GDP.

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