Purse Seine Utilization in Fishery Development of Muncar Coastal Area, Banyuwangi (Bali Strait), Indonesia

Ervina Wahyu Setyaningrum


Lemuru (Sardinella lemuru) is a major fishery resources in the Strait of Bali with a base in the Port of of Muncar, Banyuwangi. Since 2000 there has been a large number of fishing activity, especially for catching Lemuru. It is due to an increase in the number of vessels and purse seine. The objective of this study are as follows: to determine the condition of fishery by using Purse Seine, to know  the condition of fishery in coastal areas of Muncar in terms of legal and institutional aspects and to determine what the appropriate strategy for developing sustainable fisheries in of Muncar Banyuwangi. A descriptive method is used in this study. While the analysis of the data uses Description Analysis Method and SWOT analysis. The results showed that the rate of Lemuru exploitation in fish port (PPI) of Muncar compared with the Total Allowable Catch (JTB) in the Strait of Bali is exceeding the JTB value or in a state of over fishing. In the case of marine and coastal resource management, Muncar is currently not using the principle of Integrated Coastal Management (ICM). Making the marine and fisheries development policy haveto be established with a multidisciplinary rational scientific approach aims to improve the welfare of fishermen and maintaining optimum utilization of fishery resources to be sustainable. Based on the SWOT analysis, recommendations that can made by policy makers, among others: optimizing the function and role of the port in increasing the production of fisheries, fishing gear optimization, standardization, the selectivity of fishing gear, fishing effort enforcement on 20 miles offshore – 200 mile EEZ and restrictions on the number of vessels and catches.

Key Words: Keywords: Fishing, Purse Seine, Lemuru.

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ISSN (Paper)2222-1700 ISSN (Online)2222-2855

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