Evaluation of the Tiv and Igbo Marriage Systems

WAYA, DAVID T., Okanume Augusta C.


The article x-rays the similarities and differences in marriage systems amongst the Tiv and Igbo. Tiv and Igbo share several culturally characteristics in common. The ‘yamshe’/exchange marriage systems often practiced by the Tiv people got abolished paving way for the kem kwase/bride price marriage system which is said to have been copied by the Tiv from the Chamba people (Ugenyi). Though, there are varied approaches within communities in these groups on the performance of marriage rites. The study observes that payment in cash or in kind to parents of a girl is made in installments among Tivs’ (It is often considered as an endless rite). While among the Igbos, Ikwu Ugwo Isi Na Ikporo is done at once.  Globalisation and cross culturally interferences are perceived to have influenced the core marriage systems of these ethnic groups. In general, the studies observe considerable similarities between Tiv and Igbo, religious practices and marriage systems. It is important for the custodians of the respective cultures (traditional rulers) to as a matter of urgency preserve the traditional marriage systems thereby sustaining the moral values of the people.

Keywords: Marriage, Tiv, Igbo, culture and Globalisation.

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