A Meta-Analysis of the Use of Genetically Modified Cotton and Its Conventional in Agronomy Aspect and Economic Merits

Julian Witjaksono, Xiaowen Wei, Shuchun Mao, Wankui Gong, Haihong Shang, Yabing Li, Youlu Yuan


Rising the area of growing Genetically Modified (GM) cotton mostly derived from the yield gain and income gain both GM cotton and conventional cotton is affected by seed cost, pesticide cost, management and labor cost. Therefore, planting GM cotton should be considering both agronomy aspect in yield gain and economic dimension in income gain. Those aspects are not only for GM cotton but also for conventional cotton. This paper is a meta-analysis as a synthesis of current research by searching literature both peer-reviewed and non peer-reviewed. A meta-analysis depicted that individual study mostly favor GM cotton in yield gain, seed cost and pesticide cost. However, in terms of pesticide cost a meta-analysis prone to favor non GM cotton. Moreover, a meta-analysis revealed that the positive impact in the differences of GM cotton and conventional cotton as the evidence of the publication is highly significant.

Key Words : Genetically Modified, Cotton, Conventional, Yield, Income, Gain, Meta-Analysis

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3208 ISSN (Online)2225-093X

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