Male Genetic Diversity of Siwa Brahmin Clan in Bali Based on Y-Chromosomal Microsatellites DNA

I Ketut Junitha, Ni Luh Watiniasih


The Brahmin clan in Bali consisted of two groups, that are Siwa Brahmin the descendant of Dang Hyang Nirartha and  Boda Brahmin, the descendant of Dang Hyang Astapaka. Dang Hyang Nirartha came to Bali around 1480 and descended Siwa Brahmin clan, with consist of  5 sub-clans (Kemenuh, Manuaba, Keniten, Mas and Patapan). This Research was conducted to determine the molecular characters of Siwa Brahmin clan.

The research was conducted by employing the molecular marker microsatellite Y-chromosomal DNA from June to October 2013. There was 8 sizes of allele found, one in the DYS19 locus (200bp), three in DYS390 locus ( 203, 207 and 211bp) and two alleles were found in DYS393 locus ( 129 and 133bp) and in DYS395 locus (127 and 131bp). The highest frequency of haplotype, from 6 haplotypes recorded, was found in haplotype 2 (0.54) with the allele combination of 200, 207, 129, 127.   This haplotipe was found in all of sub-clans: Kemenuh, Manuaba, Keniten, Mas, including sample from unidentified sub-clan.  Haplotype 2  could be as the original haplotype of Siwa Brahmin.

Keywords: Siwa Brahmin clan, DNA microsatellite, allele, haplotype

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3208 ISSN (Online)2225-093X

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