Review on Opportunities of Developing Biotechnology in Animal Feed Improvement and Major Constraints Hinder Biotechnology in Developing Countries

Nebi Husein


Biotechnologies have donated enormously to increasing the level of livestock productivity, particularly in developed countries, and can help to alleviate poverty and hunger, increase the availability of feed resources and ensure environmental sustainability in developing countries. It improves availability of feed throughout the year in both quantity and quality by treating locally available feed resources with biotechnology by product(feed additives), improving rumen fermentation of fibrous feed (crop residues) and enhancing the nutritive value, utilization of agro-industrial by-products and other forages. Biotechnology applications improve the performance of animal and animal by product through consumption of improved nutrition. Biotechnology will play an essential role in the economic future of developing countries in maintaining the globally attractive or desirable plant or seed that are adapted to the desired agro ecology by using recombinant DNA technology. The constraints of biotechnology in animal production in developing countries are due to poverty, malnutrition, disease, increasing of field crop production, poor livestock production systems, poor hygiene and unemployment. There is a need to ensure favorable infrastructure, such as repositories of biotechnology resources, biotechnology information centers, good roads and communication channels and a strengthened regional technical cooperation network

Keywords:- Animal feed, Biotechnology, Developing country and Feed additives

DOI: 10.7176/JAAS/52-01

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