Effect of Occupational Safety and Health on Organizational Performance: A Case of Nzoia Water in Trans-Nzoia County

Bilhah Nasimiyu Wambulwa, Elizabeth Nambuswa Makokha, Gregory Namusonge


There was recurring accidents in Nzoia water in Trans-Nzoia County due to failure to observe OSH. The purpose of the study was to investigate how occupation safety and health could be properly observed to improve performance at Nzoia Water Company in Trans-Nzoia County. The specific objectives of the study were; to determine the effect of accident reduction on organizational performance in Nzoia water company Trans-Nzoia County. The study was guided by the following theories; traditional cost theory, accident causation theory, two factor theory and public relation theory. The company has a total of 138 employees. The targeted the entire population of 138 employees.The research tools used for data collection was questionnaires. There was a pilot study to test the validity of the instrument. Reliability of the instrument was determined by use of Cronbach Alpha test of 0.7. Data was analysed both quantitatively and qualitatively. Regression model was used for data processing and analysis. The following were the key findings;   The  study  revealed that the organization  against health and safety hazards. According to the study, the organization conducts regular reviews and audits based on the accident reduction scheme. It also revealed that accident reduction enhances organizational growth, survival as well as performance. Based on the findings, the   the organization should provide a health and safety programme to the employees yearly to reduce cost. It should help employees acquire knowledge and skills on how to deal with health and safety issues to reduce accidents. Top management should support health and safety issue awareness. The organization should conduct regular reviews and audits. They should also have a provision of good people management and supervision.

Keywords: Organisational Health and Safety, Accident Reduction

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