Impact Analysis of Ban of Commercial Motorcycle on Commuters in the University of Ibadan Campus

Ayomide Famewo, Kayode Adeniji, Paul Onibaba, Olawale Osunwale


In Nigeria, commercial motorcycle operations (CMO) can be traced back to the period 1970-1980. Their emergence is primarily a result of public transport failure and economic downturn in that period. Up until recently, CMO have been a major means of intra-city public transport. Now, its operations have been prohibited or limited in many urban centers and campuses due to its connection to crime and high risk of accidents. Many studies have attempted to research the impacts of its ban on urban commuters' traffic behavior, with total neglect for campuses. Hence, this study attempts to assess the impacts of ban of CMO on commuters in the University of Ibadan Campus, within a year, its activities was proscribed. The study adopted survey research design. Primary and secondary data were sourced. Both random and purposive sampling techniques was used in selecting 300 students from a total students population of 35000 and 50 staff from a total staff population 3,684. A set of pre-tested questionnaire was administered on 350 commuters comprising mainly of students and staff selected randomly from the total student and staff population. Information gathered includes socio-economic characteristics of university commuters (students and staff), social economic impacts of ban of commercial motorcycles and its impacts on students’ activities on campus. Data obtained were analyzed using both descriptive (tables, frequency counts and percentage.) and inferential (T-test and Chi Square) statistics. Two hypotheses were formulated and tested. Paired sample t-test statistics was used to analyze the difference between cost of trips before ban of commercial motorcycles operations in the university and after the ban. The results of the analysis revealed that cost of trips increased significantly by N15.28 (p=0.045). Chi square test was used to test significance difference in university commuters’ modal mode of transport before and after the ban. The chi square results gives a chi square value 74.235 which is significant (p=.000).  Thus, the study confirmed that the ban of commercial motorcycles operations in the university have significant negative impacts on university commuters, especially students. The study therefore, suggest an inclusive transportation policy for university community, one that focus development on infrastructure, improvement in transport infrastructure and effective management of university commuters’ demand.

Keywords: Impact Analysis; Ban of Commercial Motorcycle operations; University of Ibadan; campus planning; commuter.

DOI: 10.7176/DCS/10-6-07

Publication date:June 30th 2020

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