Optical Characterization of Polyvinyl alcohol - Ammonium Nitrate Polymer Electrolytes Films

Omed Gh. Abdullah, Bakhtyar K. Aziz, Sarkawt A. Hussen


Polyvinyl alcohol – Ammonium Nitrate polymer electrolyte films were prepared by casting method. UV-Vis Double Beam Spectrophotometer in the wavelength range (190-1100) nm were used to investigate the optical properties. The optical constants such us, transmission spectra, refractive index, extinction coefficient, real and imaginary parts of the dielectric constant, optical band gaps, and optical conductance are found. It was found that the energy band gaps are decreased upon the increase of salts concentration. The values of the width of the tails of localized states in the forbidden gap of the films obtained from Urbach plots are varied from 0.64 to 1.16 eV. The real and imaginary part of dielectric constant of the polymer electrolyte films increases with increasing NH4NO3 concentration. The dielectric constant shows decreases abruptly in the wavelength (235-260) nm, and finally becomes constant with increase wavelength.

Keywords: optical energy band gap; optical conductance; refractive index; extinction coefficient.

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3224 ISSN (Online)2225-0956

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