Poverty and Gender Inequality in Developing Countries

Evelyn Dormekpor


The issues of poverty and gender inequality are long standing social problems that permeate every society (United Nations, 2009).  Poverty and gender inequality are experienced differently in many developing countries as compared to developed countries, and various definitions are given from different perspectives that direct policy makers how to address the issues (Batana, 2008; World Bank, 2009).  The framework for understanding and addressing the problem has many dimensions; however, a general understanding is required for society to address basic human needs that allow for the daily survival of the less fortunate.  Poverty and gender inequality continue to be massive social problems in developing countries.  Researchers, policy makers, and various institutions including the international community, have designed measures to reduce and eradicate the problem; yet in today’s modern society, poverty and gender inequality still linger, especially in the developing world (Batana, 2008; Megahed & Lack, 2011; Rankin & Aytaç, 2006; World Bank, 2009). The purpose of this paper is to review the literature regarding poverty and gender inequality in developing countries.  The results and implications for social work policy and practice are discussed. This study is significant because poverty is a major social problem and social workers have a mandate to address poverty.  This study is relevant to national and international gender policies to address gender poverty and inequality.  The outcome may serve as a guide to policy decision making for social work research and practice in developing countries.

Keywords: Gender, inequality, poverty, developing countries.

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ISSN (Paper)2224-607X ISSN (Online)2225-0565

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