Implications of the Achievement Motivation Theory for School Management in Ghana: A Literature Review

Andrews Acquah


The purpose of the paper is to review literature on the implications of the achievement motivation theory for school management. It is realized from the literature for managers to understand human behaviour and how an individual could be motivated, they must first understand their needs and inclinations. It is also found from the literature of this paper that employees have the need for achievement which the suitable opportunities should be created for them to satisfy it. It is deduced that that employees have the need for power which should also be exercised and satisfied and the role of the need for affiliation is paramount in the management of every school. From the review, it is recommended a periodical workshop is organized for all heads and mangers of schools to sensitize them on the need for them to satisfy the desires of the teachers and students to satisfy the three major needs outlined by McClelland. This will go a long way to assist school managers to identify the needs within themselves, their co-workers and subordinates in order to create the work environment that are responsive to those needs. In this sense teachers would be willing to put in their best in teaching and motivating their students to achieve high academic laurels.

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5766 ISSN (Online)2225-0484

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