Inputs and Services Delivery Constraints in Pastoralist and Agro- Pastoralist Systems of Ethiopia

Daniel Temesgen Gelan


Key elements of pastoral system are opportunistic management of the rangelands and mobility of the herds.This enables pastoralists to make use of natural resources, water and fodder, the availability of which varies so widely in time and space. The conventionally the core rural services demanded include research, extension and information services, Education and training. Rural financing and insurance and market promotion.  Technical support services i.e. all activities related to the provision of the technical and social infrastructure (e.g. transport, supply of fuel and spare parts, planning of resettlement schemes. The average consumption of inputs and productivity dry land system is much less than mixed crop livestock highland systems. However, according to the reports in some riverine and in new settlement areas there is steady growth in consumption of agricultural inputs in last decades. The study indicated that the responsiveness existing animal health service delivery by both public sectors and private vendors was generally unsatisfactory in terms of its accessibility and availability, affordability, and quality measures. Specially, issue of accessibility, quality and effective regular service delivery is insufficient.

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