Analytical Study of the Impact of Globalization on Tribal Communities in India with Reference To Economic Justice, All Inclusive Growth and Social Transformation

Aniruddha Vithal Babar


“IF you are totally illiterate and living on one dollar a day, the benefits of Globalization never comes to you”, these are the words of Mr Jimmy Carter, the 39th President of United States of America which are still applicable in today’s modern, 21st century world where the economy and multi-national supply and logistic chains which do not abide by the political boundaries have created a unique ‘economic model’ wherein the evidence of economic integration could be found; the results of which directly reflected in new economic era that flourished out of the need of Global Business Integration Mechanism Policy i.e. The Globalization. The policy of Globalization that has changed the face of the world in post-World War II era effected economic sphere of India as well. The wave of Globalization has been experienced by various sections of multi-dimensional Indian society, their livelihood, employment, socio-cultural life including their cultural and religious practices, health, education, women and disadvantaged and socially backward sections differently. According to one Anthropological Survey, total of 4,635 communities are now to be found in India out of which total tribal communities are 732 in number. The impact of Globalization on tribal communities is multifaceted as they are the ones that evidently negatively affected not only in India but all over the world. In the name of Development, the life, livelihood, culture and habitat of indigenous people has brought under the hot-iron of Globalization. The tribal way of life is dictated by the law of nature. Notwithstanding the fact that the constitution of India has granted various safeguards to the tribal communities, they continue to remain the most backward and discriminated groups in India.  Cases of displacement of tribal people in India have increased manifold. Commercial activities under the garb of economic growth and economic development brought alien forces, cultures and influences into the traditional life and culture of Tribal communities. The question of development cannot remain confined to the quest of economic growth however it also required to addressed the fundamental question of ‘living with dignity and liberty’. The benefits of development touted under the Globalization has not percolated down to the poorest, socially backward and disadvantaged sections of the society but reached to those who are already educated, well-settled, well-fed and well-nourished. The aforementioned words of US President Mr Jimmy Carter truly describes the plight of socially disadvantaged and economically backward people in India who knows nothing but discrimination, exploitation, poverty, inflation, hunger, sorrows, helplessness and DEATH. This Paper attempts to examine the fundamental philosophy, evolutionary history of Globalization and its effects on Indigenous communities which further attempts to emphasis on a need to develop the special policies and models to cater the differences between the Haves and Have-nots in the shadow of Globalization to establish the principles of Rule of Law and Natural Justice to show the light to those who are eternally thrown in the darkness.

Keywords: Globalization, Tribal, Tribal Communtiies, Development, Growth, Law, Justice, Policy.


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