Evaluation of two contrasting cassava canopy structures on weed flora composition in a rainforest zone of Nigeria.

O. T. Ola, F. Ekhator, Jelili T. Opabode, Oluyemisi A Akinyemiju, O. O. Ogedengbe


The impact of weed competition on crop growth is a universal concern to farmers. This study was conducted in 2010 at the Teaching and Research Farm, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife to evaluate the impact of cassava canopy on weed diversity and identify shade-tolerant weed species in response to varying canopy structure at Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching and Research Farm, Ile-Ife ecological zone. The treatments consist of hand-weeded, herbicidal treatment, and unweeded checks in the main plot. The sub-plots constituted the cassava cultivars (TMS 30572 and TME 1) laid out in a randomized complete block with a split-plot arrangement in three replications. Fifteen weed species survived under the shade of TMS 30572 where two families were monocots while four families were dicots. However, twenty weed species were recorded where TME 1 was cultivated of which two families were monocots while five families were dicots. TMS 30572 suppressed weeds by 20% when compared to TME 1. In conclusion, TME 30572 is recommended for cultivation in this agroecology to obtain a maximum benefit on cassava production.

Keywords: Weed, TMS 30572, TME 1, Shade-tolerant, and Weed diversity.

DOI: 10.7176/JNSR/12-12-05

Publication date:June 30th 2021

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3186 ISSN (Online)2225-0921

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