Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Towards Modern Family Planning Methods Among Mothers of Reproductive Age Group in Wonago Health Center, Southern Ethiopia

Kaleab Tesfaye Tegegne


Back ground: The continuing growth of the world population has become an urgent global problem. Ethiopia like most countries in Sub-Saharan Africa is experiencing rapid population growth. Currently, the country’s is population is growing at a rate of  3% is one of the largest rates in the world and if it continues unabated , the population will have doubled in 23 years , preventing any gain in the national development effort.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to determine the knowledge, attitude and practice of mothers towards family planning in Wonago health center.

Methods: cross- sectional study was conducted from April 15, 2004 E.C to June 10, 2004 E.C., in Wonago health center, Gedeo Zone, SNNPR, Ethiopia. A total of 251 study subjects were selected by systematic sampling technique from mothers of child bearing age (15-49) who attended Wonago health center for any services. Data was collected by using interviewees. Chi-square test and odds ratio were used to assess the presence and strength of association between independent and dependent variables.

Result: Out of total 251 women of reproductive age group who participated in the study 206(82.3%) had ever heard about FP, of which 202(98%) knew at least one method of FP and 116(59%) were using some method of FP at time of the study .the  information about FP  among reproductive age women  of urban dwellers is thirteen times higher than rural dwellers OR=13.74(4.747,39.79) p-value 0.001,educational status showed statistically significant difference p-value 0.001 and women who possessed TV  two times  more likely had  ever practiced  FP methods  than  those who did not OR=2.599(1.441,4.6899) ,P-value 0.001.

Conclusion and recommendation:  In the study the major source of information on FP is from the health institution, majority of the respondents knew at least one type of modern FP   methods and socio demographic factors like residence educational status are associated with information about FP and ever practice of it .community should be encouraged to use long term contraceptives so as to space their family and decrease the   frequent visit to health institution

Keywords: knowledge, attitude, practice, modern family planning

DOI: 10.7176/JNSR/9-19-02

Publication date:October 31st 2019

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3186 ISSN (Online)2225-0921

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