Review on Application of Plant Tissue Culture in Plant Breeding

Abenezer Abebe Tefera


Plant breeders employ a variety of techniques to improve the genetic composition of crops and a successful strategy is dependent on the physical, physiological and hereditary characteristics of the plant. Plant tissue culture is one of the method used in plant breeding used in disease free plant development, genetic transformation, Somatic embryogenesis, embryo rescue, and anther and ovule culture for post fertilizer barrier and polyploidy induction. It  play great role in plant/crop improvement as it involves in variation creation, conservation of germplasm and shorten the breeding cycle by developing homozygous parents with  single a generation. So, the review is designed to assess application of tissue culture in improvement of field crop, ornamental, forest tree or plants as whole for human benefits.

Keywords: plant, tissue culture, breeding

DOI: 10.7176/JNSR/9-3-03

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3186 ISSN (Online)2225-0921

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