Construction And Testing Of Ultrasonic Bird Repeller

EZEONU Stella Ogochukwu, AMAEFULE Desmond Okechukwu, OKONKWO Godfrey Nnaegbo


The threat posed by birds to economic crops in the farms or at storage facilities requires the deployment of an effective bird deterrent in such locations.  Many attempts have been made to develop successful bird deterrent systems with only a few achieving desired results. The ultrasonic frequency range 15-25 kHz is known to be disturbing to birds and a device operating at that range was developed. The output of the integral oscillator was fed to 4 piezo transducers, placed 90O to each other to produce a dispersion of overlapping fans of sound for full 360o coverage. The power of the first device was 7.98W and the intensity of the sound pressure at 1m was calculated to be 6.35x10-1W/m2 at 118dB. A second device was constructed which had a power of 23.98W and intensity of the emitted sound at 1m, 1.91W/m2 at 123dB. The devices were tested and the results obtained showed that the ultrasonic beam from the piezo speakers was able to drive birds away from designated areas. Further tests conducted with the unit showed a wider reach of the waves on a dull day than on a sunny day. About 5-6 of the second device is expected to cover one hectare of field. The device is solar powered, eliminating the cost of fuel, the inconvenience of regular attention and its protection from environmental perturbation. It is environmentally friendly.

Keywords: Pest birds, Bird repeller, Solar powered, Ultrasonic, Frequency range, Environmentally friendly.

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3186 ISSN (Online)2225-0921

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