Radicalism in the Cultural Context of Adolescents in the Arek, Tapal Kuda and Mataraman Areas

Liyana Trisna Hutari, Sahat Saragih, Eko April Ariyanto


Religious radicalism is an understanding or religious flow that wants social or political change or renewal by using extreme measures and can be accompanied by justification of acts of violence and the implementation of acts of violence to achieve teaching changes that are considered correct. Culture is the values adopted by society, which can be raised in the form of actions and thought patterns on each individual. This study aims to determine the relationship between cultural values and radicalism in the arek area as many as 195 tenth grade students of Dharma Bahari Surabaya Vocational School, Mataraman area as many as 124 students of class XI MAN 2 Tulungagung and the Tapal Kuda area as many as 331 students of SMK Negeri 5 Jember. This study also aims to determine the differences in the potential of radicalism in the Arek, Tapal Kuda and Mataraman areas. The hypothesis proposed is that there is a positive relationship between culture and radicalism and the potential difference of radicalism in the Arek, Tapal Kuda and Mataraman areas. The sampling technique used was purposive sampling. Correlation data collection in this study uses the scale of radicalism and cultural scale with the Spearman correlation analysis technique obtained rxy = 0.126 with a significance level of p = 0.001 (rxy ˃ 0.05). This means that there is a significant positive correlation between cultural variables with the potential for radicalism in the Arek, Tapal Kuda and Mataraman regions. It can be concluded that the higher the cultural values possessed by teenager high school students, the potential for radicalism is also higher, conversely the lower the cultural values ​​possessed by teenager high school students, the lesser the potential for radicalism. This research becomes important information related to the potential for religious radicism due to culture. This research can be used as a reference to prevent radicalism toward adolescent in the Arek, Tapal Kuda and Mataraman areas.

Keywords: Culture, Religious Radicalism, Arek, Tapal Kuda, Mataraman.

DOI: 10.7176/JLPG/89-01

Publication date:September 30th 2019

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3240 ISSN (Online)2224-3259

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