The State's Responsibility in Fulfilling Domestic Energy Needs

Burhanuddin ., Abrar Saleng, Juajir Sumardi, Abd. Maasba Magassing


After the proclamation of independence in 1945, the management of electrical energy began with the establishment of the Electricity and Natural Gas Bureau by the government on October 27, 1945. Electrical energy is a source of life for a nation that affects overall development. Therefore, electricity is categorized as a basic need that is the livelihood of many people. In the context of state responsibility to fullfill the domestic energy need, Indonesia has responsibility to provide energy as the domestic needs in the forms of as a provider. In fulfilling domestic electricity needs, the state in its position as a provider can be seen from the existence of electricity policies that are oriented towards efforts to provide electricity in sufficient, equitable and quality quantities. It has responsibility also to provide energy as the domestic needs in the forms of as a regulator. In terms of it, the fulfilment of the domestic energy needs can be found in some laws such as the Law No. 30 of 2007 on the Energy, the Law No. 30 of 2009 on Electricity, the Law Number 21 of 2014 concerning Geothermal Energy, The Government Regulation Number 79 of 2014 concerning National Energy Policy, and the Government Regulation Number 7 of 2017 concerning Geothermal For Indirect Use. Another responsibility of the state is a state as an entrepreneur. It is placed in the Chapter  XIV on the title of the National Economy and Social Welfare Article 33. Finally, the last state responsibility of providing domestic energy needs is a state as an umpire.

Keywords: State Responsibility, Domestic Energy Needs

DOI: 10.7176/JLPG/81-03

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