Voice over Internet Protocol (VOIP): Overview, Direction And Challenges



Voice will remain a fundamental communication media that cuts across people of all walks of life. It is therefore important to make it cheap and affordable. To be reliable and affordable over the common Public Switched Telephone Network, change is therefore inevitable to keep abreast with the global technological change. It is on this basis that this paper tends to critically review this new technology VoIP, x-raying the different types. It further more discusses in detail the VoIP system, VoIP protocols, and a comparison of different VoIP protocols. The compression algorithm used to save network bandwidth in VoIP, advantages of VoIP and problems associated with VoIP implementation were also critically examined. It equally discussed the trend in VoIP security and Quality of Service challenges. It concludes by reiterating the need for a cheap, reliable and affordable means of communication that would not only maximize cost but keep abreast with the global technological change.

Keywords: Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP), Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN), Session Initiation Protocol (SIP),  multipoint control unit

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5782 ISSN (Online)2225-0506
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