Prevalence of Bovine Trypanosomosis in Gena-Bossa Woreda of Dawuro Zone, Southern Ethiopia

Adisu Agaro


The study was conducted from December, 2015 to June, 2016 in the selected settlement areas of Genna-Bossaworeda of Dawro Zone, Southern Nations, Nationalities and People’s Regional States (SNNPR). The goals of the study was to determine the prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis and to assess awareness of the community towards the effect of trypanosomosis and its control methodsin the study area. Community members were interviewed using a questionnaires format and cross-sectional parasitological and haematological investigation were carried out during the study period. According to the response of community members, trypanosomosis is the most economically important disease affecting cattle and agricultural activity in the area. For the parasitological study a total 384 blood samples were colected from randomly selected animals. Blood sample were examined for the presence of trypanosomosis by dark ground buffy coat technique. The overall prevalence of trypanosomosis in the study area was 15.38%. The three kebeles seem to have no great difference in the prevalence of trypanosomosis. During the present study, from the total of 384 cattle examined, 205 were males and 179 females. Male animals were as equally affected as female animals. There was significant difference in trypanosomoseinfection between animals with different body condition scores. The prevalence of 18.09%, 15.54% and 12.37% was observed for animals with poor, medium and good body condition scores respectively. The proper and strict following of trypanocidaldrud utilization and awareness creation to the farmers about risks of drug resistance should be made.

Keywords: Buffycoat, Gena-Bossa, Prevalence, Trypanosomosis


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ISSN (Paper)2224-3208 ISSN (Online)2225-093X

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