Traditional and Non-Traditional Security Issues in Nigeria: A Panoramic View of Contemporary Issues

John Moses Maikomo


From the literal depiction of security landscape in Nigeria so far, there is nothing new on the lexicon of security issues except for the perspectives and the methodologies through which Nigerian security watchers and scholars argue and presents some of these enduring threats.

As a pillar of difference, this paper applies an inclusive and sustainable approach towards the studies and management of security issues as it presents a panoramic view of burning sectoral security files in Nigeria. On the methodology, the study adopts qualitative descriptive method of analysis.

One of the major takeaways from this study is on the argument that the optics of today’s security issues around the globe calls for a collective effort not only in extending but democratizing security studies and management to every component of a given system.  Some of the findings points to historical issues like political co-option of different conservative ethnic and religious entities to forge unity in diversity without deep understanding of its political, economic, and socio-cultural implications and this answers the missing puzzle to the impasse of persistent violent crisis in Nigeria.

In conclusion, this paper recommends the need to employ the mix of digital security and hard data in fighting security issues through pinpointing of flashpoints, hotbeds and typologies of security threats available in which state or region per time. This is what the Nigerian state needs to advance its security from the existing negative state to a positive and sustainable state that can guarantee comprehensive development.

Keywords: Traditional security, Non-Traditional security, Nigeria, Military, Political, Economic, Societal, Human, and Environmental security Issues.

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