The Historic Move, Contemporary Challenges and Opportunities in Ethiopian Education

Sisay Awgichew Wondemetegegn


The intention of this manuscript is to overview the development of Ethiopian Education from Early to Modern schooling. Opportunities and challenges regarding education quality and access in Ethiopia are concerned under the study. The researcher used descriptive research design and qualitative research methods. Manuscript review (policy document , researches, historical literatures and different statistics) , focus group discussion with 120 PGDT(Postgraduate Diploma In Secondary School Teaching) student-teachers and summer In-service students and interview conducted with 10 secondary school directors and observation was the viable instrument. The information thematised and analyzed qualitatively through narration and explanation. Recently, Ethiopia score tremendous expansion in primary and secondary as well as Higher Education. However, the fact that a large majority of the Ethiopian population lives in rural areas still lack of equitable access, equity and quality of education, organization of the school system and of the relevance of the curriculum needs revision. The findings disclose that in the last ten years Multi-million children obtain the opportunity to primary and secondary education in Ethiopia. The number of teachers and institution significantly increased. However, problem in securing standardization and quality assurance, low incentive, crowded classroom, teacher high turnover, poor school leadership, “banking” methods of teaching and poor commitments of teachers towards their profession still the major bottleneck. Therefore, system based emphasis to capacity building program for teacher and leaders, fulfillment and equitable distribution of educational logistics, modernizing methods of teaching, standardizing curriculum, assessment and quality assurance strategies required.

Keywords: Islamic Education, Church (Monastic) Education, Modern Education

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