Study and Solution of Current Differential Protection Disability for High Series Compensation Transmission Line

Saleem Abbas, Liu Fang


With the increasing day by day integration of large-size generators and tighter among the power systems, in internal fault, the fault current of Series Compensated (SC) lines could also be upturned. Therefore, the differential protection of SC transmission lines may stop working to operate because of less sensitivity. In this research article the causes for the current overturning in SC lines and its effects differential protection. The working characteristics of differential protection are analyzed by focusing on multiple-factors, for example, different series compensation degrees, types of fault, system operation mode, the difference of power angle, points of the fault, and transition resistance. An enhanced standard based on the current amplitudes and phases on both sides of the series compensated lines is proposed. Furthermore, to make stronger the operation characteristics of differential protection, the triple-fold line is chosen to get better sensitivity for internal faults in the article. The results are efficient to improve the protection sensitivity of SC lines during the internal fault. The PSCAD/EMTDC simulation and the power system dynamic physics simulation demonstrate that protection sensitivity is increased in the improved scheme.

Keywords: Differential Protection, Series compensation, EHV/ UHV, Current reverse, sensitivity analysis.

DOI: 10.7176/CTI/10-06

Publication date: August 31st 2020

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5774 ISSN (Online)2225-0492

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