Application of Advanced Techniques for Metals Identification and Characterisation

David N Githinji


The appraisal of metallic materials requires application of advanced characterisation techniques. In this paper, the use has been made of Scanning Electron Microscopy, Transmission Electron Microscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy techniques to characterise morphological, structural and chemical composition of 316-stainless steel and unknown brass sample. The determined lattice parameter of unknown brass sample was 3.6812A and consisted of 63% Cu and 37% Zn by weight. The XRD analysis indicated a faced-centred-cubic crystal structure and the sample concluded to be an alpha brass. The measured dislocation density in 316-stainless steel increased with increasing plastic strain and the dislocation structures varied from relatively uniform distribution at low strains to cell-like structures at high strains. The spread of X-ray diffraction peak related linearly with the dislocation content of 316-stainless steel.
Keywords: Characterisation, Crystal Structure Dislocation Structure, Diffraction Peak, Stainless Steel,

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ISSN (Paper)2224-719X ISSN (Online)2225-0638

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