Photoreceptors in visual perception and additive color mixing. Bacteriorhodopsin in nano- and biotechnologies

Ignat Ignatov, Oleg Mosin


This article views predominately the structure and function of animal and bacterial photoreceptor pigments (rhodopsin, iodopsin, bacteriorhodopsin) and their nano- and biotechnological usage. On an example of bacterial pigment bacteriorhodopsin (BR) is described the method of its isolation from purple membranes of halophilic bacterium Halobacterium halobium by cellular autolysis by distilled water, processing of bacterial biomass by ultrasound at 22 KHz, alcohol extraction of low and high-weight molecular impurities, cellular RNA, carotenoids and lipids, the solubilization with 0.5 % (w/v) SDS-Na and subsequent fractionation by methanol and gel filtration chromatography on Sephadex G-200 Column balanced with 0.09 M Tris-borate buffer (pH = 8.35) with 0.1% (w/v) SDS-Na and 2.5 mM EDTA. Within the framework of the research the mechanism of color perception by the visual analyzer having the ability to analyze certain ranges of the optical spectrum, as colors was studied along with an analysis of the additive mixing of two colors. It was shown that in the mixing of electromagnetic waves with different wavelengths, the visual analyzer perceive them as separate or average wave length corresponding to mix color. Keywords: vision, rhodopsin, iodopsin, bacteriorhodopsin, additive color mixing

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ISSN (Paper)2224-719X ISSN (Online)2225-0638

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