Occurrence, Distribution, Economic Importance and Management of Maize Chlorotic Mottle Virus: A Review

Bayissa Regassa


Plant virus diseases are serious constraints to the production and productivity of a wide range of crops among which maize chlorotic mottle virus (MCMV) is a serious problem in maize production and productivity. The virus is primarily originated in South America (Peru) and later distributed into many countries of all the continents except Australia and Antarctica. It is transmitted from location to location, and from plant to plant mechanically, through seed, insect vectors, and/or soil. The virus has many host ranges of agricultural crops (Maize, Sorghum, Sugarcane and Finger millet) and wild species (Dinebra retroflexa, Setaria verticillata, Cyperus assimilis, Digitaria ternta and  Oplismenus hirtellus). MCMV alone causes 10-15% crop loss and up to 100% loss when it co-infects maize plants with other maize viruses such as maize dwarf mosaic virus, Sugar cane mosaic virus or Wheat streak mosaic virus. No any single disease control measure alone is effective in controlling the MCMV. However, an integrated virus disease management options (the use of disease-resistant crop varieties, proper field sanitation, removal of infection sources, use of virus-free seeds and chemical pesticides to indirectly control insect vectors) play a critical role in controlling the virus. Since the current status of the disease is wide spreading and on increasing trend, intensive MCMV employment, combined with integrated disease management, requires ongoing practice in countries where the virus is prevalent and in those countries that have not yet reported MCMV.

Keywords: Integrated management; Insect vector; plant residue; Soil transmission; Zea mays

DOI: 10.7176/ALST/87-03

Publication date: April 30th 2021

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ISSN (Paper)2224-7181 ISSN (Online)2225-062X

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