Early Diagnosing of Urinary Tract Anomalies

Islam Mamica, Gerta Halilaj, Rustem Celami, Aqif Gjokutaj, Krenar Preza, Utku Akgor


Nowadays, with advanced diagnostic technology and accessibility of patients to qualified physician, many anatomical anomalies are diagnosed in uterine life, including urinary tract anomalies in prenatal period, however, even with advanced of technology, many of such anomalies continue to be diagnosed later on, in early stage of life or even later when a medical problem arise as a consequence of these anomalies. In Albania, nowadays, high technology and high definition diagnostic imaging machines are available; however, we do face lack of qualified and experienced medical specialist, especially in peripheral regions - city hospitals throughout Albania. Early diagnosing of anomalies like urinary tract ones, are possible to be diagnosed since the end of first trimester of pregnancy by 14 weeks, and later on during the anatomic ultrasound examination or otherwise called morphologic fetal ultrasound at 18 – 22 weeks of pregnancy, if examination carried out by a qualified medical specialist, should clearly visualize fetal urinary tract. However, this fetal problems undiagnosed during pregnancy, there are often diagnosed in postnatal period. In some countries, many ultrasound examinations during pregnancy are performed by ultrasound technicians and interpreted by radiologist or perinatologist, however, generally these examination are performed by fetal medicine specialist, or obstetrician and gynecologists. In Albania these examination are performed only by obstetrician and gynecologist, since qe do not have a fetal medicine center. Any urinary problem during early age, it is appropriate to perform a general abdominal ultrasound examination as fast, reliable and cost-effective examination tool with no side effect.

Keywords: Diagnostic, early, urinary, anomalies, medical specialist

DOI: 10.7176/ALST/87-02

Publication date: April 30th 2021

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ISSN (Paper)2224-7181 ISSN (Online)2225-062X

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