Antimicrobial activity of Some Ethno-medicinal Plants used by Baiga Tribes from Amarkantak, India

Jitendra Malviya, Vaibhavi Joshi, Kiran Singh

Abstract


Antimicrobial activity of 05 ethnomedicinal plants extracts were evaluated against six bacterial strains Staphylococcus aureus , Niesseria gonorrohae , Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli Streptococcus pyogenes Bacillus subtilis. The collected ethnomedicinal plant were used in folk medicine in the treatment of diuretic stomachache , urinary tract, piles ,high fever ,  leprosy , ulcers, sexual diseases like gonorrhea and spermatorrhoea, dogbite ,snakebite, skin diseases, respiratory problems  asthma , bronchitis, nervous diseases and blood purification. Plants were collected from mekal hills, sonmura ,mai ki bagi, sammbhudhara ,laxmandhara , panchdhara ,dense vegetative forest ,dense rain isolated eco-system, remote valleys and islands and the ethnomedicinal data were gathered from traditional healers who inhabit the study area. The traditional, chemosystematics and methanol extract were obtained by maceration method with antimicrobial activity was found using disc diffusion method phytochemical anaylysis, Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC). All microorganism were obtained from (ATCC), American type culture collection.The result indicate that out of 05 plants exhibited antimicrobial activity against one or more of the tested microorganism we observed that extract concentrations spanning from 25 μg/ml  to 2 mg/ml or even 40 mg/ml. Concentration of alkaloids, carbohydrates, flavonoids, saponins, terpens steroids associated to antioxidant activities and thus have curative properties. MIC and MBC for all 5 crude extracts (72%) showed positive results against bacterial strains.This study evaluate the antimicrobial ,phytochemical and Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC) activity of the some ethnomedicinal plants used in folkoric medicine compared to all test showed significant activity against tested microorganism . This study also showed that Selaginella bryopteris (Amarbatoooti Sanjivini), Lygodium flexuousm (Kalijar) Adiantum philippense (Kalijhant), Drypteris eochleata (Jatashankari), Tectacria coadunate (Jatamasi) could be potential sources of new antimicrobial agents.

 

Keywords: key words, ethnomedicinal plant, Antimicrobial, Phytochemical,diseases


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ISSN (Paper)2224-7181 ISSN (Online)2225-062X

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