Do Small and Medium Enterprises Optimally Utilize Computerized Accounting Systems Internal Controls? An Empirical Study

Akamanwam Effiong Itang


This research aimed to identify the computerized accounting systems employed by Nigerian SMEs, examine the extent to which Nigerian SMEs utilize the built-in internal control features in their computerized accounting systems, as well as explore the perceived reasons for the underutilization of any of the computerized accounting systems internal control features. The researcher employed the survey methodology in the conduct of the study, and data was collected using questionnaire administered to the an accounting officer in each of the 370 firms randomly selected from the population of SMEs in the south-south region of Nigeria. The research data was analyzed using frequencies, mean, standard deviation, and the one-sample T-test statistics. The results of the study indicate that Nigerian SMEs employ various accounting software in the performance of their accounting function, with QuickBooks, Peachtree (Sage 50), and MS-Navision being the most used. The study also indicate that Nigerian SMEs optimally utilize the built-in internal control features in their computerized accounting systems. The reasons for the underutilization of a few of the internal control features by firms are indicated in the study to include lack of awareness of the availability of the internal control features in their accounting systems, limited number of accounting staff, and lack of formal internal control policies. This study extends the body of knowledge in accounting, and its results would be useful to those in the academia, management and accounting personnel of SMEs, and other practitioners. Areas for further research have been suggested to confirm and extend the outcome of this study.

Keywords: Accounting information systems, Computerized accounting systems, Access controls, Accounting software, Accuracy checks, Audit trail, Internal controls, Segregation of duties, Security controls, Small and medium enterprises

DOI: 10.7176/RJFA/11-17-03

Publication date:October 31st 2020

Full Text: PDF
Download the IISTE publication guideline!

To list your conference here. Please contact the administrator of this platform.

Paper submission email:

ISSN (Paper)2222-1697 ISSN (Online)2222-2847

Please add our address "" into your email contact list.

This journal follows ISO 9001 management standard and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Copyright ©