Effect of Exchange Rate Fluctuation on the Financial Performance Evaluation of Multinational Companies in Nigeria

Osho, Augustine E., Efuntade, Alani Olusegun


The research work examined the effect of exchange rate fluctuation on performance evaluations of multinational companies in Nigeria. The objective of the study was to examine how foreign exchange affects financial performance of multinational companies in Nigeria. This Study is based on the transaction cost theory, liquidity theory, inflation theory and managerial theory of firm performance. Secondary data source was explored in presenting the facts of the situation. The secondary data were obtained from relevant literatures, Central Bank of Nigeria Statistical Bulletin and annual report of selected multinational companies in Nigeria. Data were tested using the Ordinary Least Square Linear Regression model. Findings show that exchange rate fluctuation has significant effect on performance of multinational companies in Nigeria. As a result, the study concluded that exchange rate instability affects the operations of companies in Nigeria vis-à-vis international trade with other countries of the world. It was recommended that, Multinational Companies should develop a robust foreign exchange risk management framework which will clearly show its currency risk assessment procedures and implementation of foreign exchange risk management strategy. These strategies should be monitored and adjusted regularly.

Keywords: Exchange rate, Financial Performance, Inflation rate, Interest rate, Multinationals companies, Return on Assets.

DOI: 10.7176/RJFA/10-16-03

Publication date: August 31st 2019

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ISSN (Paper)2222-1697 ISSN (Online)2222-2847

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