The Influence of Authority, Initiative, and Unity of Direction in Achieving Good Governance in Africa using Mplus v8 Scientific Tool

Abdul-Kahar Adam, Nasser Salim Mohammed Alsadi, Ebi Shahrin Suleiman


This is an inductive and applied research study with the application of both quantitative and qualitative methods using Mplus v8 and presented the findings. The study targeted how authority, unity of direction and initiative are used in the public sector organisations in Ghana through organisational charts and structures. The research primary source of data is Ghana National Association of Teachers (GNAT) and of which 55 sample size were collected within GNAT in Tamale, Northern Region. GPower 3.0.10 was also used to calculate this sample size to support the data analysis. The research findings shows that the public sectors in Ghana organisational charts needs to be transformed or changed completely to suite the public sector as humble institutions and not a bossy type of organisation’s jobs. The occupants of the public sector organisations are supposed to serve and not as directors. The model of the hypothesis shows that there is positive relationship between authority and good governance, also, it indicated a lower coefficient for initiative which correlates with good governance, whereas, the analysis shows that there is negative relationship between unity of direction and good governance. By this it means that there is the need for more concentration on unity of direction. As former President Obama once said that Africa does not need strong men but rather Africa needs strong institutions (New York Times report, 2009), and this is the only way Ghana and Africa can build its human capital towards achieving good governance by adopting the findings in this research.

Keywords: authority, unity of direction, initiative, public sector, good governance, organisation, charts, structures, Ghana

DOI: 10.7176/PPAR/9-4-05

Publication date: April 30th 2019


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ISSN (Paper)2224-5731 ISSN (Online)2225-0972

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