The Complexity of Coordination Among Indonesian State Intelligence Institutions

Sunarko ., Sumartono ., M.R. Khairul Muluk, Bambang Santoso Haryono


The reforms in Indonesia have given birth to innovations in institutional arrangement and has become one of the priorities for democracy that is still being fought for. The problem that arises after the reforms have taken place is not all state institutions are arranged and in accordance with the values ​​and principles of democracy, including the arrangement of state intelligence institutions in Indonesia. The existing State Intelligence Institutions (besides Indonesian National Armed Forces (TNI) and Indonesian National Police (POLRI)) have Task Implementation Operational Standards (SOPT) which are based on the duties and capabilities possessed, but are not supported by adequate capacity building, so that these institutions are less able to carry out the mandate stated in Article 2 of Law No. 17 Year 2011. Not all existing National Intelligence Institutions’ personnels (besides TNI and POLRI) have professional resource capabilities in the intelligence implementation as mentioned in Article 2 and Article 3 of Law No. 17 Year 2011. Almost most of the people or citizens in Indonesia assess intelligence as someone who is looking for information about crime and only in the scope of POLRI and TNI. The complexity of State Intelligence Institutions’ Coordination in Indonesia is not something that needs to be made a scapegoat for the failure of intelligence’s tasks. On the contrary, it must be seen as a source to achieve the success in carring out the tasks. Therefore the solution that can be done is by the Development of Capacity Building of the State Intelligence Institutions which is supported by the Network Type Command (NTC) coordination model, namely HTM, MTM and NTM model developments. The NTC model is a large coordination model with a broad network but still under one control or command, so that information processing can become increasingly faster and more accurate which in turn can increase high power in carrying out early detection and warning. This model is also able to make a more significant contribution in developing the operational plans and strategies of state intelligence institutions in order to achieve the role, purpose and function of state intelligence effectively.

Keywords: Complexity, Institution, Intelligence, The Republic of Indonesia

DOI: 10.7176/PPAR/9-1-05


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