Challenges Facing Urban Transportation in Tanzania

Robert Ebihart Msigwa


Transportation is a key to the economy and production; it makes mobility more accessible and enhances the social and economic interactions. On the other hand, the increase of urban population, pollution and other negative impacts directly compromise the existing transportation systems and endanger the future transportation systems in developing countries. This paper examines the challenges facing urban transportation in Tanzania cities and provides some suggestions to reduce the existing problem. This has been done by looking at the design and plan of the Tanzania cities, coordination of transportation systems and car dependency. Environmental and social impacts which include congestions, air pollution, traffic accidents and energy consumption have been described. Suggestions for addressing the challenges facing urban transportation in developed countries like Tanzania have been examined by adopting the holistic approach. Such approach has shown to be effective in solving the challenges facing urban transportation in the cities of developing countries such as improving public transport, provision of off-street parking, enforcement of traffic laws and regulations and restrict car use.

Moreover, approaches to alleviate challenges facing urban transportation should be designed for specific cities and urban transport planners must understand that models and solutions used for cities in the developed countries may not be applicable to cities of developing countries

Keywords: Transport system, land use, rural-urban

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5804 ISSN (Online)2225-0522

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