Estimation of Crop Water Requirement using CROPWAT Model for Maize, A Case Study of Raya Azebo District, Ethiopia

Yemane Mebrahtu


Water is the major limiting factor for crop production. A lot of water resources have been exploited for irrigation purpose. Irrigation systems essential to enhance crop productivity in order to meet future food demand and ensure food security. Unscientific and injudicious application of groundwater in this district resulted in depletion of the groundwater table. To achieve effective utilization of the groundwater resources, there is a need to estimate the crop water requirement for different crops at different management levels to accomplish effective irrigation management. Crop water requirements of maize crop in Raya Azebo districts was calculated using FAO Cropwat 8.0 a computer simulation model. The simulation study was conducted with the objectives of determining irrigation water requirement maize. The study was carried out to estimate the crop water requirement of maize by using the climatic data, crop evapotranspiration (ETc) and reference crop evapotranspiration (ETo) for each crop were determined using CROPWAT 8.0. The study shows that crop water requirement of maize with a growing period of 125 days to maturity requires 504.0 mm depth of water on off season and 457.8 mm on main season respectively. The result shows that in off season the crop water requirement of maize was needed more water than the main season, due to the climatic condition and in the main season the effective rainfall is more available than the off season. This study proved that the CROPWAT model is useful for calculating the crop irrigation needs for the proper management of water resources.

Keywords: CROPWAT, Model, Crop water requirement, Maize, Eto

DOI: 10.7176/JRDM/74-03

Publication date:March 31st 2021

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