Causes of Climate Change and Its Coping Up Strategies in Case of Gechi Woreda, Bunno Bedelle zone,South Western Ethiopia

Habib Bati Geda


This research was conducted to assess Causes of climate change and its coping up strategies in case of gechi woreda, south western Oromia, Ethiopia. Climate change refers to long term fluctuations of temperature, precipitation, wind and other elements of Earth’s climate system. It is a change of climate which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global and/or regional atmosphere. In order to achieve the objective of the study both primary and secondary data were used. The quantitative data was analyzed using frequency, percentage and mean while the qualitative data was used to triangulate and substantiate the study. To select the sample population, two different sample sizes were used with different sampling procedures stratified random sampling techniques was used to classify 2 kebeles of the woreda in 2 separate strata and simple random sampling technique was used to select kebeles that represent those strata. The result of the study indicated that Natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods in the types of changes of temperature and rainfall. It occurs because of internal variability within the climate system and external factors. The external causes may be natural or human induced activity.  Human activities cause climate change mainly due to fossil fuel burning and removal of forests. To overcome this motivation of   communities through distribution of technological energy (alternative energy) sources to reduce the human dependency on natural resources of the environment ,early warning system, information management, community-based disaster preparedness, and humanitarian actions are going to be critically essential to substantiate enabling environment for climate change adaptation is an appropriate  strategies to minimize the impacts of climate changes.

Keywords: Climate change, Climate change variability, Climate change drivers, Climate change mitigation, Ethiopia

DOI: 10.7176/JRDM/66-01

Publication date:June 30th 2020

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