Technical Efficiency of Red Pepper Production and Its Determinants Among Smallholder Farmers in Shashogo District of Hadiya Zone, SNNP Region, Ethiopia

Berhanu Getinet Kibret


This study briefly estimates the technical efficiency level of red pepper production and identifies its determinants that influence the technical efficiency. To analyze data, both descriptive statistics and econometric models were used. Stochastic Frontier function that incorporated inefficiency factors was to provide estimates of technical efficiency and its determinants using data obtained from 119 randomly selected sample red pepper producers from three kebeles of the study district. The Trans log production function was found to adequately fit the data. The maximum likelihood parameter estimates showed that almost all input variables have positive and significant effects on production except land size which is allocated for red pepper production. The analysis showed that the mean technical efficiency of farmers was 73.66%, implying that output in the study area can be increased by 26.34% at the existing level of inputs and current technology by improving determinants of technical efficiency. Technical inefficiency effects are modeled as a function of farmer specific socio-economic factors. The result showed that among the variables that are supposed to determine technical inefficiency, education level of farmers, age, distance from residence to plot, experience, credit access, extension visit, slope of land and proximity to market are significantly influencing technical inefficiency of red pepper producers. Moreover, education, distance, extension visit, proximity to market and credit access tends to increase technical efficiency of farmers whereas age of household, poor quality of soil and slope of land decrease their technical efficiency. Therefore, the road, net work in the rural areas; development of telecommunication facilities,  rural  market  centers  (institutions)   should have  to  be advocated and promoted by farmers and government  to overturn output loss by technical inefficiency of red pepper producers in Shashogo District.

Keywords: Technical efficiency, stochastic frontier, determinants, red pepper, Shashogo District

DOI: 10.7176/JRDM/58-04

Publication date: August 31st 2019

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