Highland Maize Technology Demonstration in Bule Hora District of Borana Zone

Ahmed Mohammed Abdulla


The research activity was carried out with the objective of evaluating and identifying adaptable and improved maize varieties and to familiarize farmers with maize production techniques. It was executed at Bule Hora District of Borana Zone for two years (2012/13-2014/15). A multidisciplinary team composed of breeder, pathologist, agronomist and agricultural extensionist was closely working both with the farmers and respective woreda agricultural experts and DAs. Regular visits, trainings and field days were conducted to provide for interaction among researchers, extension workers and farmers. The variety selection process was carried out from different dimensions including utilization, marketing and field performance. The major selection criteria of the farmers in the trial sites were almost similar except in very few cases where they vary in level of emphasis to a particular criterion. In general, Biomass production, cob size, seed size, grain color, palatability of stover, suitability for Injera and bread, market demand were identified as important farmer criteria. The other important criteria were related to field performance of the variety that includes: yield and tolerance to disease and insect pest followed by maturity period. Using these criterias the farmers identified varieties that suit their respective location. Accordingly, trial farmers showed special interest to Jibat and Wenchi varieties. The yield advantage of the preferred varieties over the local ones ranged from 48.83% to 67.44% compared to the local checks 64 and 72 Qt/ha respectively.

Keywords: Maize, Demonstration, Jibat and Wenchi

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