Assessment of Farmers’ Perception of Climate Change and Variability and It’s Implication for Implementation of Climate-Smart Agricultural Practices: The Case of Geze Gofa District, Southern Ethiopia

Tesfaye Samuel Saguye


Smallholder farmers are highly vulnerable to the impacts climate change, due to their dependence on agriculture for their livelihoods, reliance on rain-fed crops and location in marginal lands. Farmers have to perceive first that the climate has changed, and then identify effective and efficient climate change-smart agricultural practices climate and implement them. The main purpose of this study was to analyze factors determining the farming communities’ awareness of climate change and variability and it’s implication for implementation of climate change-smart farming practices. A multi stage sampling procedure followed to select sample respondent households and the total sample size of the study was 138 households.  This study employed both qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection. Primary data were collected by using semi-structured interview schedule, focus group discussion (FGDs) and key informant interviews. Logistic regression model was used to estimate household demographic, socio-economic, institutional and biophysical   factors that determine the farmers’ perception of climate change and variability in the area. The results indicated that about  88.73% of farmers believe that temperature in the district had become warmer and over 90% were of the recognized  that rainfall volume, pattern , distribution and   timing had changed, resulting in increased frequency of drought.. Though the majority of the responders perceived climate change only 62.56 percent of the total respondents’ implemented climate change-smart agricultural practices while the remaining 37.5 percent had not adapted any climate change-smart agricultural practices. This could imply that though perception is the frontline prerequisite sequentially for adoption of climate change-smart agricultural practices decisions, it is not cure-all alone. From the findings of the logistic analyses, the local socio-economic, institutional and agro-ecological and the information on weather and climate were significant in determining the likelihood of a good perception and knowledge of climate change and variability. To enhance rural farmers’ awareness and adoption of climate change adaptation techniques, more focus should therefore be given to socio-economic (farm experience, education and training, access to weather related information household size, wealth, land ownership) factors as suggested by model results. So, effective communication, active community involvement and considering socio-cultural factors such as religious practices and rituals could be areas of policy implication of the study

Keywords: Climate Change, Climate Change- Smart Agriculture, Smallholder, Perception

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