Contributions of Cooperatives and Encountering Challenges in Ethiopia

Desalegn Fekadu Etefa


Cooperative is an important tool to alleviate the difficulties of the societies in many countries in general and in developing countries in particular, including Ethiopia. The concept and applicability of cooperation is as old as human history. Nevertheless, modern cooperatives began in Ethiopia since 1960. The objective of this study was to show the contributions of cooperatives and the challenges encountering the sector. Intensive conceptual and empirical literature reviews were made in the areas of cooperative development, cooperative policy and regulatory framework documents, and cooperatives periodic activity reports from the Cooperatives Commission of Ethiopia. The study indicated that the number of primary cooperatives has increased from 149 to 99,542 from 1960 to 2021 showing thousands of rates of growth. The number of members increased from approximately below one thousand to about 21 million during the same period demonstrating very high growth rate. Likewise, their capital was increased from about a million to 28.8 billion Ethiopian Birr during the stated periods. The finding identified challenges of cooperatives such as low participation and lack of awareness, low involvement of the stakeholders, lack of professionalism, weak linkage, inadequate support, lack of good governance, lack of adequate infrastructure, lack of diversity products and globalization. It necessitates provision of cooperatives education and training to promote members’ participation, involving stakeholders, attracting professionals, creating strong linkages, solving capital related problems, promoting cooperatives’ good governance,  providing enabling legislation and regulation for the development of the cooperatives, diversifying their yields and producing quality product for being competitive in the global market .

Keywords:Challenges; Competitive; Contributions; Modern Cooperatives; Primary Cooperatives; Stakeholders’ Participation.

DOI: 10.7176/JPCR/55-03

Publication date:May 31st 2022

Full Text: PDF
Download the IISTE publication guideline!

To list your conference here. Please contact the administrator of this platform.

Paper submission email:

ISSN 2422-8443

Please add our address "" into your email contact list.

This journal follows ISO 9001 management standard and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Copyright ©