Presidential Election and Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia Based on Pancasila Democratic Principles

Yusuf Mustafa, Made Warka, Hufron .


Pancasila (the Indonesian five tenets) as the ultimate of All the Sources of Laws in Indonesia is actually the basis for the formation of legislation regarding the Election of the President and Vice President. The precepts of Pancasila that is relevant to the system of the President and Vice President is the fourth tenets. Practically, the system for filling in the positions of the President and Vice President must be carried out in accordance with the values contained in the fourth principle of the Pancasila. The implementation is based on a combination of the system of citizen sovereignty (democracy) and the fourth tenets of Pancasila, so that the combined system of the two (citizen sovereignty and fourth principle) gives birth to the "Pancasila Democracy" system.It is important to analyze and find the system for selecting the President and Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia based on the principles of Pancasila Democracy.This research is normative research which focuses on the level of harmonization or system related to the President and Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia directly by the people based on popular principles led by the wisdom of decisions in consultations (Pancasila democracy). From the results of the discussion and analysis, conclusions are obtained as answers to the problems proposed as follows: (1) Philosophically that the essence of the meaning of "People led by wisdom in consultation / representation" is democracy, namely the government of the people, by the people, and for the people, based on the principle: (a) Consultation, which is to make a unanimous decision, carried out jointly through the road of wisdom; (b) Carry out decisions based on honesty. Decisions are unanimous so that they bring consequences to mutual honesty. (c) Population principles, namely a sense of love for the people, fighting for people's ideals, and having a people's spirit. The fourth Sila Meaning of Pancasila is a democratic-representative system led by people who are professional and have integrity through a system of deliberation to reach consensus to get the best results from a round of political decisions. (2) The system of electing the President and Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia in accordance with popular principles led by wisdom of wisdom in deliberation / representation is a model of the election of representative democracy with a system of deliberation to reach consensus. Whereas the direct democratic system is only implemented to elect representatives who will occupy positions as representative bodies to carry out deliberations for consensus in the election of the President and Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia.

Keywords: direct election, democracy, Pancasila, Indonesian election

DOI: 10.7176/JLPG/88-01

Publication date: August 31st 2019

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ISSN (Paper)2224-3240 ISSN (Online)2224-3259

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